Kapitel 5

5A

Names of months, seasons, and weather are on p. 124.

Remember that "Es schneit." and "Es regnet." don't use "ist" because regnen and schneien are verbs.

To convert Celsius to Fahrenheit: (Degrees Celsius X 9/5) + 32
To convert Fahrenheit to Celsius: (Degrees Fahrenheit - 32) X 5/9

The weather in Germany is kept warmer by the North Atlantic Drift. The wind is warmed by the current and then flows over Germany, making it warmer than it would be without it.

Indefinite Articles - "ein" words

........................Masculine................Feminine.....................Neuter......................Plural*
Nominative...........ein...........................eine...........................ein.........................seine*
Accusative...........einen.......................eine...........................ein.........................seine*

  • Because there is no such thing as "a" for a plural noun, I used "seine", which means "his".

Berlin article is on p. 132-134. You will be tested on this material separately.


5B


The countries that surround Germany are written in German this time. They go counter-clockwise from the top: Dänemark, Niederlande, Belgien, Luxemburg, Frankreich, Schweiz, Österreich, Tschechische Republik, and Polen (and, of course, Deutschland). Liechtenstein does not border Germany, although they do speak German there. It is situated between Switzerland and Austria. The map can be found on p. 138 or in the front of the book on p. xiii.

Plural forms of Nouns


When you look up the noun in the glossary, it will have the definite article sticking out on the margin. Then it'll have a comma and a dash, then maybe a few letters. This is what's added to the original noun to make it plural. Don't forget that all plural nouns are "die". EXAMPLE: der Freund, --e, male friend You would make this male friends by changing the "der" to "die" and adding an "e" at the end of "Freund". (die Freunde)

Wie viel? Used when asking about singular nouns, time, money, Math. EXAMPLE: Wie viel Geld hast du? (How much money do you have?)
Wie viele? Used when asking about plural nouns, or things that can't be counted. EXAMPLE: Wie viele Karten brauchen wir? (How many tickets do we need?)