Study school supplies p. 90

Study the school subjects p. 117



Sequencing statements begin with an element of time (zuerst, dann, danach, zuletzt) and then the verb, then the subject, then anything else that needs to go in the sentence.

Example: Zuerst, habe ich Deutsch, dann Geschichte, danach Musik, dann Englisch, und zuletzt Mathe.


F├Ącher---- subjects
Lieblings------ favorite
Lieblingsfach----------- favorite subject

Grades in Germany range from a 1 (A) to a 5 (F).
To report your grade, say:..... Ich habe eine eins in Mathe. (I have an A in Math.)

To react to someone's grade, you can say.....Spitze! Super! Toll! Prima! Das ist gut! Nicht schlecht! (positive opinions)
..................................................................Schade! So ein Pech! So ein Mist! Das ist schlecht! (negative opinions)

The Definite Article


Nominative case is when the noun you are referring to is the subject of the sentence.
Accusative case is when the noun you are referring to is the direct object of the sentence. (Look for verbs like brauchen, kaufen, haben, geben)

Example: Der Kuli ist auf dem Tisch. (The pen is on the table.)--- Kuli is the subject of the sentence.
..............Ich kaufe den Kuli im Kaufhaus. (I'm buying the pen at the department store.)---- Kuli is the direct object of the sentence.

Question Words

German question words:
wer................who (asks about the subject of the sentence)
wen...............whom (asks about the direct object of the sentence)
was...............what
wann.............when
wo.................where
wie................how
warum...........why

sein (to be)

ich bin....................wir sind
du bist....................ihr seid
er/sie/es ist............Sie/sie sind